Oil lamp "Khorāsān"
The Seljuk Empire, Khorāsān Province, Persia, c. 1037AD - 1194AD, private collection from Finland.
The Great Seljuk Empire (1037AD to 1194AD) was a high medieval Turko-Persian Sunni Muslim Empire founded by Tuğrul Beg (990AD - 1063AD) and his brother Chağribey Beg (989AD - 1060AD) in 1037. The Seljuks were a subdivision of the Qiniq branch of the Oğuz Turks, originating on the steppe north of the Aral Sea. At the time of its greatest extent, the Seljuk Empire controlled a vast area, stretching from western Anatolia and the Levant in the west to the Hindu Kush in the east, and from Central Asia in the north to the Persian Gulf in the south and was the target of the First Crusade (1095AD - 1099AD). Starting in the 1140's, during the Second Crusade (1147AD - 1149AD), the Seljuk Empire declined, and was eventually replaced by the Khwarazmian Dynasty in 1194.
This beautiful pottery oil lamp are probably from Khorāsān, province in north eastern Iran. The name ”Khorāsān” is Persian and means ”where the sun arrives from”. A hand raised and finished earthenware pottery lamp. The rim incorporates an applied ornamental loop handle, a long tapering spout form projection locates a suitable wick. The globular body of the vessel is embellished in a vibrant yellowish green glaze. Age-related heavy wear, abrasion and corrosion. Intact. Fritting and glazing flaws. Lovely encrusted patina. Dirt and dust. Size approx. 7,9cm x 14,2cm x 7,3cm. Weight c. 154g.